Do I Put Unearned Service Revenue Under Revenue In An Income Statement?

unearned revenue type of account

Now, what if at the end of the month, 20% of the unearned revenue has been rendered? At the end of the period, unearned revenues must be checked and adjusted if necessary. The adjusting entry for unearned revenue depends upon the journal entry made when it was initially recorded.

Review any contracts or agreements you have for the unearned income you’ve received. You want to verify the amounts paid and the terms under which you’ve accepted the money. For instance, you may have received $5000 to manage a blog over a 12-month period, or you may have received $2000 to provide six months’ worth of web design services in the upcoming year.

Accounts Receivable represents the credit sales of a business, which are not yet fully paid by its customers, a current asset on the balance sheet. Companies allow their clients to pay at a reasonable, extended period of time, provided that the terms are agreed upon. At the end of an accounting period during which an asset is depreciated, the total accumulated depreciation amount changes on your balance sheet. And each time you pay depreciation, it shows up as an expense on your income statement.


Once the company performs the service the customer has paid for, the company enters another journal entry to recognize the revenue. For example, as a publishing company delivers the magazines a customer with a two-year subscription has paid for, the journal entry shows a credit to revenue and a debit to unearned revenue. In this way, the company converts the unearned revenue to “real” or “earned” revenue. He makes an adjusting entry where he debits the unearned revenue account $500 and credits the service revenues account $500. If a business entered unearned revenue as an asset instead of a liability, then its total profit would be overstated in this accounting period.

Revenue is often referred to as thetop linebecause it sits at the top of theincome statement. Revenue represents the total income earned by a companybeforeexpenses are unearned revenue type of account deducted. Even though you’re paid now, you need to make sure the revenue is recorded in the month you perform the service and actually incur the prepaid expenses.

For instance, say that the buyer has purchased $1,000 worth of cleaning services over five months. The first journal entry would reflect that $1,000 was paid, forming the unearned revenue type of account company’s $1,000 worth of debit, or the total amount of money paid to the business but not yet earned. We are simply separating the earned part from the unearned portion.

A copy of the check, a sales invoice or a purchase order received from a customer will show the amount of the service or product purchased. View the sales invoice or purchase order to confirm the number of months associated with the unearned revenue. They report on activities related to one or more future accounting periods. They carry their ending balances into the next period and generally consist of all balance sheet accounts. It is an important step at the end of an accounting period after financial statements have been completed.

So if a company’s current assets exceed its current liabilities, it has positive working capital and is, therefore, financially stable. If current liabilities outweigh its current unearned revenue type of account assets—the company may be in trouble as it doesn’t have enough cash to meet its financial obligations. This section covers revenue earned or assets spent on Financing Activities.

What Is The Journal Entry For Unearned Revenue?

Even though money we’ve charged is an asset, it isn’t cold hard cash. So, even if you see income reported on your income statement, you may not have the cash from that income on hand. The cash flow statement makes adjustments to the information recorded on your income statement, so you see your net cash flow—the precise amount of cash you have on hand for that time period. While income statements are excellent for showing you how much money you’ve spent and earned, they don’t necessarily tell you how much cash you have on hand for a specific period of time. Net income is the starting point for a company’s cash flow analysis.

  • This revenue will be reported in the income statement that will be prepared by the mexico company on December 31, 2019.
  • On January 15, 2019, when the Mexico Company will deliver goods to New York Company, it will eliminate the unearned revenue liability and recognize revenue in its accounting records.
  • Once they will “earn therevenues,” the companies can recognize the deferred revenue as “revenue earnings” in an Income statement account.
  • This is money paid to a business in advance, before it actually provides goods or services to a client.
  • If Mexico Company prepares its annual financial statements on December 31, 2018, it must report this unearned revenue of $25,000 in current liabilities section of its balance sheet.
  • It’s categorized as a current liability on a business’s balance sheet, a common financial statement in accounting.

How does unearned revenue affect the cash flow statement?

Unearned revenues are liabilities. As products or services are provided, the unearned revenues become earned revenues.

Cash flow is reported on the cash flow statement , which shows the sources of cash as well as how cash is being spent. The top line of the cash flow statement begins with net income or profit for the period, which is carried over from the income statement.

unearned revenue type of account

What is deferred revenue example?

Example of Deferred Revenue
Deferred revenue is common with subscription-based products or services that require prepayments. Examples of unearned revenue are rent payments received in advance, prepayment received for newspaper subscriptions, annual prepayment received for the use of software, and prepaid insurance.

What Is Unearned Income?

This means you’ll debit the unearned revenue account by $2,000 and credit the revenue account by $2,000. When other taxpayers, such as your parents, are eligible to claim you as a dependent on their tax return, you still may need to file your own return. If the total of your unearned income is more than $1,100 for 2019, you need to file a return even if it is not required by your earned income.

Increase in Accounts Receivable is recorded as a $20,000 growth in accounts receivable on the income statement. That’s money we’ve charged clients—but we haven’t actually been paid yet.

It will also decrease the value of inventory for the amount it paid for the prescription it sold to the customer. Generally accepted accounting principles require certain unearned revenue type of account accounting methods and conventions that encourage accounting conservatism. Accounting conservatism ensures the company is reporting the lowest possible profit.

What Is Unearned Revenue? A Definition And Examples For Small Businesses

An example of unearned revenue might be a publishing company that sells a two-year subscription to a magazine. The liability arises from the fact that the company has collected money for the subscription but has not yet delivered the magazines. Another example of unearned revenue is rent that a landlord collects in advance. FreshBooks has online accounting software for small businesses that makes it easy to generate balance sheets and view your unearned revenue.

What Is Unearned Revenue Vs. Deferred Revenue?

A similar situation occurs if cash is received from a customer in advance of the services being provided. This is more fully explained in our revenue received in advance journal entry example. For example, suppose a business provides equipment maintenance services and invoices customers 6,000 annually in advance. When the invoice is issued, no maintenance cover has been provided and therefore the revenue of 6,000 is unearned and a journal entry is required. Since unearned revenue represents a company’s current liability, it has a direct impact on a company’s working capital.